Tuesday, March 28, 2017

demographic transition for dummies

Dmitry Zakotyansky Про демпереход - сохранил в мемориз.

Даже у бабушки своей, выросшей в деревне (образование 3 класса школы) когда-то спросил, почему она только трёх детей родила (у её бабушки 11 было, а собственные родители рано умерли) - она так и ответила: "Так никто ж не умер - зачем ещё-то?"


the most powerful woman in the world.

Меркель

Herlinde Koelbl has been photographing Merkel since 1991. Koelbl says that Merkel has always been “a bit awkward,” but “you could feel her strength at the beginning.”Photographs by Herlinde Koelbl / Agentur Focus / Contact Press Images

THE QUIET GERMAN

The astonishing rise of Angela Merkel, the most powerful woman in the world.


Stop Operation Soros

A group of congressional Republicans is teaming up with Russia-backed politicians in Eastern Europe with the shared goal of stopping a common enemy: billionaire financier George Soros. [читать дальше]
George Soros
George Soros, who survived the Nazi occupation of his native Hungary and fled after World War II when it was under Soviet control, has been long a bête noir of the Kremlin. | Getty
And last weekend, far-right leaders convened in Budapest to launch their own chapter of Stop Operation Soros.

The event featured Nick Griffin, the former leader of the British National Party, who has said it’s now “Russia’s turn” to lead the world; the right-wing religious group Knights Templar International; Macedonian journalist Ljupcho Zlatev; and several Hungarian politicians from the far right, which has drifted toward Russia.

One of them, Imre Téglásy, head of the pro-life Alfa Alliance, in his remarks noted the presence of a Russian camera crew and praised Vladimir Putin’s regime.

“I would like to express my respect my dear friends to Russia,” he said. “God save Russia, which has returned to its national and traditional roots. God save the U.S., which under the leadership of President Trump may return to its original, God-respecting American values.”

Monday, March 27, 2017

Guidelines

PAA

Guidelines for #PAA2017 Presenters

[годидзэ ваще на фсе случаи, ибо трезво]

2017 Annual Meeting, Population Association of America
Chicago, IL ● April 27 – 29, 2017

Thank you for presenting at #PAA2017! Presenters share their knowledge and expertise through the nearly 900 presentations on the program. Presenters need to prepare in advance and deliver content articulately and concisely. Please note that the guidelines below have intentionally been left broad so that they apply to all session types with the exception of posters sessions.

We are asking all session chairs to connect with the presenters in their sessions, as a group via email, before the conference. Pre-conference, as a presenter, you should:
  • Send your paper to the session chair, discussant(s) and other presenters well in advance of your session: Most sessions this year will have one discussant for four papers. It is imperative that the discussant(s) receive your paper by April 7, 2017, so that the discussant has time to read and think about all the papers. Be sure to send your paper to the session chair and other presenters when you send it to the discussant(s); this will enhance the exchange of new ideas and the building networks that is integral to the success of the PAA.
  • Confirm the time allocated to your presentation: PAA sessions are 90 minutes long. You will have only 10-15 minutes for your presentation. The chair of your session will inform you of the exact time allocated to your presentation; if you have not heard from the session chair, assume you will have 12 minutes for your presentation. Times will vary from session to session because of differences in the number of presenters and discussants. The time you are allotted will not include Q&A unless otherwise indicated by your chair: traditionally, PAA sessions reserve Q&A until all presenters and the discussant have spoken.
  • Post the final paper on the PAA website by April 7, 2017
  • Plan your presentation: Use your time wisely. A good conference presentation provides a clear and succinct overview of the essential contributions of the work. It is not possible to present a paper in its entirety in 12 minutes. Create an outline for yourself of the key contributions of your work and then develop notes regarding what you wish to convey to the audience relating to each key point.
  • Prepare your presentation: Consider the time available and the multiple learning styles of attendees (auditory, visual, etc.) to create a memorable and valuable presentation.
  • Prepare visual aids: The vast majority of presenters use slides as part of their presentation. Each room is equipped with a LCD projector, a computer, and a screen.
    • Type: Use at least 24 point type so that it may easily be read from across the room. Avoid italics and ALL CAPS for more than a few words; they are difficult to read.
    • Do not include large tables in your slides: Inserting tables with full model results is an unfortunately common practice at the PAA. The audience can’t read these! Distill your key results into a few well-described numbers or, even better, words. Use handouts if you want to distribute your detailed model results.
    • Bullets: Limit yourself to 3-4 bullets per slide and 10 or so words per bullet. Describe details verbally and use the bullet points to provide an outline of key concepts.
    • Number: A rough rule of thumb is to prepare no more than one slide for every two minutes you will be presenting. The slides are to complement the presentation, not the presentation itself.
    • Avoid acronyms, jargon, and abbreviations: Past evaluations have clearly indicated that one frustration, in particular for new and international attendees, is the use of ‘insider’ language, acronyms, and abbreviations that make it difficult to comprehend readily a presentation.
    • Liven up your slides with graphics and pictures: Graphics can be very effective in capturing the audience’s attention and focusing them on the point you want to make. Pictures can give the audience a break from the constant stream of words and numbers.
    • Contact information slide: Prepare one slide that you can put up at the beginning and end of the presentation with your presentation title, name, and contact information. In case you do not have enough handouts, encourage attendees to write down this information for follow-up.
    • Proofread and spell check: Please.
  • Practice: Practice repeatedly, alone and then in front of a colleague, to ensure that your presentation highlights key points, your delivery is clear, and you can finish within the time allocated. You may practice onsite in the Private Dining Room #7 on the Third Floor:
Thursday 8:00 am – 3:30 pm
Friday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Saturday 8:00 am – 12:00 pm
  • Email your slides: Email your slides to the session chair (or another person designated before the session by the chair) to be loaded onto the computer before the session begins.
  • Prepare handouts (optional): If you decide to distribute handouts, you should have 50-100 copies available. Include your name and contact information, including email, for follow-up and a link to the abstract and full paper.
At the session: This is your time to listen intently to others’ presentations and to share your own knowledge and expertise. At the session, as a presenter you should:

  • Arrive early: Arrive at the session early and connect with the other presenters and session chair so that the session may start on time.
  • Give your presentation: You have already practiced and prepared – you are ready! Face the audience, maintain eye contact with the audience, speak clearly, and relax.
  • End on time: You will be warned by the chair as your time draws to a close using written notes indicating the time remaining (typically 5 minutes, 2 minutes, and stop). It is essential that you end on time to ensure that all participants have the opportunity to present their work. 
  • Stop speaking and refer everyone to the full paper on the PAA website if you have not completed your presentation.

European Journal of Population

European Journal of Population
Open Access

European Journal of Population


Does Living in a Fatherless Household Compromise Educational Success? A Comparative Study of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills

This study addresses the relationship between various family forms and the level of cognitive and non-cognitive skills among 15- to 16-year-old students. We measure cognitive skills using standardized scores i... 
Jonas Radl, Leire Salazar, Héctor Cebolla-Boado in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (675 KB) View Article

Family Trajectories and Well-being of Children Born to Lone Mothers in the UK

We investigate how lone mothers’ heterogeneity in partnership trajectories is associated with children’s well-being. We use data from the Millennium Cohort Study, which follows a large sample of children born ...
Elena Mariani, Berkay Özcan, Alice Goisis in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (624 KB) View Article

Parental Separation and School Performance Among Children of Immigrant Mothers in Sweden

Immigration and family change are two demographic processes that have changed the face of European societies and are associated with inequalities in child outcomes. Yet there is little research outside the USA...
Jeylan Erman, Juho Härkönen in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (649 KB) View Article

Explaining Conflicting Results in Research on the Heterogeneous Effects of Parental Separation on Children’s Educational Attainment According to Social Background

In recent years, researchers have become increasingly interested in how the effects of parental separation on children’s educational attainment vary with social background. On the one hand, parents with more r...
Fabrizio Bernardi, Diederik Boertien in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (527 KB) View Article

Changes in Employment Uncertainty and the Fertility Intention–Realization Link: An Analysis Based on the Swiss Household Panel

How do changes in employment uncertainty matter for fertility? Empirical studies on the impact of employment uncertainty on reproductive decision-making offer a variety of conclusions, ranging from gender and ...
Doris Hanappi, Valérie-Anne Ryser, Laura Bernardi… in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (582 KB) View Article

Choosing to Remain Childless? A Comparative Study of Fertility Intentions Among Women and Men in Italy and Britain

Pathways to childlessness may differ not only between individuals but also at the population level. This paper investigates differences in childlessness by comparing two countries—Britain and Italy—where level...
Francesca Fiori, Francesca Rinesi, Elspeth Graham in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (677 KB) View Article

Influence of Heterogamy by Religion on Risk of Marital Dissolution: A Cohort Study of 20,000 Couples

Heterogamous marriages, in which partners have dissimilar attributes (e.g. by socio-economic status or ethnicity), are often at elevated risk of dissolution. We investigated the influences of heterogamy by rel...
David M. Wright, Michael Rosato, Dermot O’Reilly in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (443 KB) View Article

Surviving the Holocaust: Socio-demographic Differences Among Amsterdam Jews

This study determined the victimisation rate among Amsterdam Jews and socio-demographic differences in surviving the Holocaust. After linking a registration list of over 77,000 Jewish inhabitants in 1941 to po...
Peter Tammes in European Journal of Population (2017)
Download PDF (812 KB) View Article

not for sale

parental leave
наконец то:
раскрыта причина высокой рождаемости

In almost half of two-parent households, both parents now work full-time, and in 40% of all families with children, the mother is the sole or primary breadwinner. At the same time, fathers – virtually all of whom are in the labor force – are taking on more child care responsibilities, as fatherhood has grown to encompass far more than just bringing home the bacon.

Despite these transformations, the U.S. is the only country among 41 nations that does not mandate any paid leave for new parents, according to data compiled by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The smallest amount of paid leave required in any of the other 40 nations is about two months.

In comparison, Estonia offers more than a year and a half of paid leave to new parents – by far the highest benefit mandated by any of the countries represented. A number of other countries – Bulgaria, Hungary, Japan, Lithuania, Austria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Norway and Slovakia – offer over a year’s worth of paid leave, as well.

The total amount of leave available to new parents can be comprised of several types of leave: maternity leave, available to mothers around the time of a birth or adoption; paternity leave, available to fathers around the time of a birth or adoption; and parental leave, which is typically available after maternity or paternity leave. In some cases, parental leave is allocated for mothers only or for fathers only. In other cases, it is available to either parent.

In 19 of 41 countries, the majority of all paid leave available is allocated for maternity leave. In fact, in six countries – Cyprus, Israel, Turkey, Ireland, Switzerland and New Zealand – maternity leave accounts for all available paid leave related to the birth or care of a child. No leave is available for new fathers.

While paid leave is dominated by leave for mothers, leave earmarked specifically for fathers is now available in 31 of the 41 countries represented in the data. In most cases, the amount of paid leave specifically for fathers is relatively modest – about two weeks or less. However, there are a handful of exceptions. In Japan, almost half of all of the available paid leave for new parents – 30 weeks – is earmarked for new fathers; and in Korea, men are allotted the equivalent of about 16 weeks of paid leave. Portugal, Norway, Luxembourg and Iceland are also relatively generous in this regard, mandating about two months of leave or more for new dads.

These estimates are based upon a “full-rate equivalent.” This measure is calculated by the OECD as the total number of weeks of any paid leave available to a new parent, multiplied by the average rate of earnings reimbursement for those weeks of leave. (While many countries reimburse about 100% of average earnings, particularly for maternity leave, in other paid leave situations, less than 30% of average earnings are reimbursed.)

In most countries, a social-security-type system is used to fund the paid time off, though in a small share of cases, the employer also foots part of the bill, as well. It’s important to note that while the U.S. is the only country that does not have a national paid leave mandate, California, New Jersey and Rhode Island all have state-mandated paid leave plans in place. Some businesses across the U.S. offer paid family leave to their employees without being required to do so, as well.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

female orgasm

female orgasm
We first did over 1,000 in-depth interviews with women across the country. Then, in partnership with researchers at Indiana University and The Kinsey Institute, we surveyed another nationally representative group of 1,000 women.

Nationally representative means a slice of the country, across geographies, ages and subcultures - getting an accurate snapshot of what regular people actually do and think, without bias from the selection process.


The first 1,000 interviews were conducted by OMGYes staff over video-chat with women of all ages, around the country. These women shared:
  • Sexual histories 
  • How they discovered what works for them 
  • What the a-ha moments were in their sexual journeys 
  • The specific techniques they’ve found, both alone and with partners, that lead to more pleasure and better orgasms 
  • Detailed ways they communicate those techniques to partners 
  • What psychological or relationship insights they’ve had that have led to more pleasure 
  • What they wish they could go back in time and tell their younger selves about pleasure 
  • What they wish all partners knew about women’s pleasure 
Then, we conducted the first-ever large-scale, nationally representative study on women’s pleasure. Asking the same kinds of questions from a nationally representative cross-section of the country.

The 2015 OMGYes Study of Women’s Sexual Pleasure was conducted during June 2015 by researchers Debby Herbenick, PhD, assistant Professor at Indiana University School of Public Health and researcher at The Kinsey Institute and Brian Dodge, PhD of the Center for Sexual Health Promotion of the Indiana University School of Public Health. The survey was conducted online in collaboration with GfK’s Knowledgepanel, a probability-based web panel designed to be representative of the United States, and was completed by 1,055 adult women.The data was then weighted according to recent (March 2014) data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), taking into account demographics such as gender, race/Hispanic ethnicity, region of the country, education, household income, and (based on 2013 CPS data) internet access.

Complete and current information about KnowledgePanel sampling and recruitment methodology and design is available at http://www.knowledgenetworks.com/knpanel/docs/knowledgepanel(R)-design-summary-description.pdf

About the researchers:

demography vs. sociology

кстати о репетиции оркестра (на вук)
ио социологии
из признания:
Part of what drew me to the field was Ken Wachter’s compelling case for demography as the mother of all social sciences ...
[даже лучше, чем царица(по Шульман)]

the 2nd demographic transition in Kazakhstan

Легализация токал зажжет надежду в сердцах женщин, пишет газета «Замана», публикуя письмо девушки, ставшей не то любовницей, не то токал.

Токал — лучший подарок от жены. Болманов подтвердит! (Обзор казахской прессы)
«В современном казахском обществе достаточно девушек, желающих быть «вторыми женами». Поначалу я не понимала их, возмущалась — почему вы относите себя ко второму сорту? Однако сегодня я не так категорична. В стране очень много девушек, которые достигли критического возраста — 27-29 лет. Они не то что не хотят выходить замуж, просто нет достойных мужчин, предлагающих руку и сердце для создания семьи.

многожёнство
В текущем году мне исполняется 31 год, однако до сих пор не встретила мужчину для создания семьи. К тому же после 27 лет уже никто не зовет замуж.

Я бухгалтер, имею две стабильные работы, оказываю платные услуги по обслуживанию мелких компаний — веду их бухгалтерию. Имею собственную комнату в общежитии. Можно сказать, материально независима.

Однако меня угнетает одиночество. С прошлого года стала встречаться со своим женатым коллегой, которому 46 лет. Кажется, несмотря на свой возраст, я очаровала его своим целомудрием — с тех пор мы неразлучны.

Однако он не зовет жить под одной крышей. Сказать честно, я не хочу разрушать чужую семью. Однако в последнее время, когда вижу семьи своих подруг, своих родных и близких, пришла к мнению, что лучше быть второй женой, но иметь настоящую семью,

Я стала понимать, как это важно для женщины. Но гордость не позволяет мне сказать ему — возьми в токал.

Хочу иметь детей. Ребенка хочу родить для себя. Я даже объяснила ему это.

— Никаких денег на содержание ребенка не буду требовать, сама воспитаю, подниму его, — сказала ему предварительно.

Легализация токал зажжет надежду

Чего греха таить, приходит постоянно, дарит цветы, иногда балует подарками, однако не хочет принимать в качестве токал. В такие моменты думаю — почему не узаконят институт многоженства?

Тогда ведь ребенок будет хотя бы фамилию отца носить. И я могла бы без стеснения представлять мужа своим родным и близким, а не прятаться

Легализация многоженства позволит зажечь потухшие надежды многих женщин и избежать распада многих семей.

Откровенно говоря, некоторые наши современники уже сегодня имеют вторых жен. Их угнетает только двойственность такого положения. Это еще раз подтверждает, что пришло время легализации института многоженства».

ссылка, там ещё много

Kazakhstan migration

Saturday, March 25, 2017

happy 70th birth day

Скрор СССР пережывёт :)
Элтон Джон

What has Europe ever done for health?

EU
Editorial The Lancet Published: 25 March 2017 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30812-7

March 25, 2017, marks the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties of Rome—two treaties that gave birth to the European Economic Community (EEC) and to the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). The treaty establishing the EEC affirmed in its preamble that signatory states were “determined to lay the foundations of an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe”. Security, solidarity, and freedom are protected in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU). The 1992 Maastricht Treaty placed the health mandate of the EU centre stage and although delivery of health care remains a national competence, EU law governs many areas, such as medicines regulation. Yet with the UK Brexit vote last year, and rising support for extremist anti-EU parties across Europe, closer union and solidarity in the 28 EU member states appears to be at risk. The global refugee crises, with European countries absorbing more than 2 million asylum applications since January, 2015, shows no sign of abating. With important elections in France and Germany imminent, now is the time to ask: what has Europe ever done for health?

Traité CEE signaturesThe 2013 Lancet series on Europe, led by Martin McKee of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK, reported that most European countries have made impressive (although uneven) progress in population health in the past two decades, showing how Europe offers a natural learning community enabling each country to benchmark itself against others.

The EU has been especially effective in certain areas. In tobacco control, it resisted powerful industry lobbying by mandating changes to the packaging of tobacco products, including graphic photographs that must cover 65% of the front and back covers of packs. In the development of European guidelines, professional bodies with EU support have promoted evidence-based management of a wide range of conditions. The newly established European Reference Networks connecting 900 medical teams across Europe tackle complex or rare diseases and conditions that require highly specialised treatment knowledge and resources.

EU institutions have concentrated expertise and ensured harmonised decision making. The European Medicines Agency (EMA), established in London, UK, provides a single pathway for new drug approval. The European Commission's Directorate General for Health and Food Safety Consumer Protection (DG SANTE), with its mission to protect and promote the wellbeing of its citizens through public health, food safety, and consumer protection, continues to provide leadership to implement the Health in All Policies initiative towards greater recognition of how health contributes to economic growth and social cohesion. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, in Stockholm, Sweden, provides invaluable infectious disease surveillance and, among other tasks, was mandated by DG SANTE to produce scientific advice on the main health needs of migrant populations. The European Food Safety Agency, in Parma, Italy, contributes to evidence-based standards by providing rapid responses to threats to food safety from chemical or infectious agents, such as melamine or Escherichia coli. Finally, the European Court of Justice has consistently upheld public health principles, such as rejecting challenges to tobacco legislation.

Despite these successes, there is still much to do. Engagement with younger generations, intersectoral collaboration, and investment in primary health care are key to addressing the double challenge of epidemiological and demographic transitions and the multimorbidity of chronic mental and physical ill-health. DG SANTE has done little about the Sustainable Development Goals, while the EMA has not progressed on drug pricing, arguably because cooperation with industry influences the health research and policy agenda. Yet Jan De Maeseneer, Chair of the independent EC Expert Panel on Effective Ways of Investing in Health, says, “This is an opportunity to build a social Europe—politicians need a viable social cohesion project using health systems as the direct interface to improving quality of life and sustainable development.” McKee, also a panel member, agrees, but warns that recent comments by the European Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, suggest that he fails to recognise the great contribution that the EU has made to health, with the risk that health's role could be weakened in a streamlined future EU.

The dawn of the next 60 years in Europe heralds an opportunity to tackle all these challenges. EU collaboration and investment in health can build a visibly cohesive European community based on founding values of solidarity, freedom, sustainability, and wellbeing—which remain even more relevant today than 60 years ago.

Friday, March 24, 2017

Conceptions in England and Wales

Annual statistics on conceptions covering conception counts and rates, by age group including women under 18.


by Office of National Statistics
по ссылке картинки в виде скриптов, что много лутшэ

The number of conceptions and the conception rate for all women, 1969 to 2015

The number of conceptions and the conception rate for all women, 1969 to 2015

Under 18 conception rate, 1969 to 2015

Under 18 conception rate, 1969 to 2015
В последнее время англы брали пример с Голландии по части полового воспитания, успех на литце — другим наука :)

Thursday, March 23, 2017

En attendant Bobot

Authorities in London are treating a major security incident near the Houses of Parliament on Wednesday as a terrorist attack. All along, many citizens of the Western countries are clearly bracing themselves for such attacks to happen in 2017, according to a YouGov poll. In France, which was targeted in two major terrorist attacks in the past two years, 81 percent of people thought a major incident was likely to happen in 2017.Infographic: Many People Expect Terrorist Attacks in 2017 | Statista в ожыдании БоБо

Levada poll on abortions

видимо РПЦ давит сильно и постоянно, а правительство, не будучи дураком, ищет поддержки в населении и просит высказацо за

Отношение к абортам


Опрос проведен 02-06 марта 2017 года по репрезентативной всероссийской выборке городского и сельского населения среди 1600 человек в возрасте 18 лет и старше в 137 населенных пунктах 48 регионов страны. Исследование проводится на дому у респондента методом личного интервью. Распределение ответов приводится в процентах от общего числа опрошенных.

По данным опроса, подавляющее большинство россиян считает, что планирование детей в семье должно быть осознанным поведением и реализовываться с помощью современных методов контрацепции (78%). Эта точка зрения находит поддержку среди всех слоев населения. Чуть больше – 82% – в возрастных группах от 25 до 40 лет.

Сразу выводы (три штуки):
  1. Консервативные настроения российского общества не распространяются на репродуктивное поведение. Та политика, которую все чаще предлагают российские законодатели не находит отклика в обществе. Одной из главных проблем для рождения ребенка россияне видят отсутствие материальных ресурсов для воспитания ребенка. Стоимость рождения и воспитания ребенка растет быстрее, чем благосостояние граждан в среднем.
  2. Вторая проблема – просветительская. Необходимо создавать и вести просветительские проекты в области контрацепции и сексуального поведения. К подобным мерам можно отнести поддержку варианта об оплате средств контрацепции из средств ОМС.
  3. Третья – самая важная тенденция в контексте отношений граждан и власти – власть не должна пытаться контролировать частную жизнь граждан.
и таблицы (некоторые дают мрачное настроение, но есть и елементы оптимизьма):

Какая из точек зрения по поводу планирования семьи вам ближе?
Следует родить и вырастить столько детей, сколько получится, не прибегая к контрацепции и абортам13
Следует планировать рождение детей в семье, используя методы контрацепции78
Отказ от ответа5
Затрудняюсь ответить5
пример опти ммзьма

Как вы думаете, государству следует предпринимать меры по предотвращению абортов или вы думаете, что правительству следует оставить решение таких вопросов на усмотрение людей, которых это касается?
Государству следует предпринимать меры по предотвращению абортов27
Государству следует оставить решение таких проблемы на усмотрение людей, которых это касается59
Отказ от ответа4
Затрудняюсь ответить10
что такое предотвращение аборта (???): у минздрава и РПЦ свое понимание, у нормальных людей совсем другое

Как вы думаете, какими мерами государству следует, прежде всего, добиваться предотвращения абортов?(ответы ранжированы по убыванию)
Увеличить пособие по уходу за ребенком до прожиточного минимума (примерно десять тысяч рублей)57
Создать государственную всеобщую программу сексуального воспитания и планирования семьи45
Ввести обязательные уроки сексуального воспитания в школах31
Покрывать стоимость средств контрацепции из фонда обязательного медицинского страхования (ОМС)26
Пропагандировать сексуальное воздержание до брака21
Проводить аборты только на платной основе / не покрывать стоимость абортов из фонда обязательного медицинского страхования (ОМС)8
Законодательно запретить аборты не по медицинским показаниям7
Ввести большие денежные штрафы для тех, кто делает аборты и кому делают аборты не по медицинским показаниям4
Ввести уголовное наказание (тюремное заключение) для тех, кто делает аборты и кому делают аборты3
Полностью запретить аборты2
Другое12
Отказ от ответа3
Затрудняюсь ответить7
около половины населения не потеряло способность трезво мыслить

С какой из точек зрения по поводу влияния аборта на здоровье женщины вы бы скорее согласились?
Аборт не имеет тяжелых последствий для здоровья женщины9
Аборт угрожает жизни и здоровью женщины77
Отказ от ответа5
Затрудняюсь ответить9
годы и десятилетия дезы сделали своё дело

Какие из следующих причин вы считаете допустимым основанием для прерывания беременности (аборта)? (ответы ранжированы по убыванию)
Угроза жизни и здоровью женщины66
Если женщина забеременела в результате изнасилования43
Отсутствие материальных ресурсов для воспитания ребенка39
Возраст беременной женщины27
Уже есть дети, больше не хочу иметь детей24
Нежелание женщины иметь детей22
Нежелание партнера/мужа иметь детей13
Давление родителей или других родственников10
Другое1
Отказ от ответа5
Затрудняюсь ответить6
только 1/5

Как вы считаете, кто в паре/ семье в первую очередь должен заботиться о предохранении от нежелательной беременности/контрацепции?
Мужчина8
Женщина13
Оба партнера74
Отказ от ответа3
Затрудняюсь ответить2
отличный, имхо, результат

Откуда вы сами узнали о способах контрацепции?
От друзей, знакомых, одноклассников39
Узнал/а все на собственном опыте19
Из книг по медицинской тематике18
Видел/а информацию в средствах массовой информации (радио, телевидение, журналы)14
От родителей, других родственников13
Прочитал/а в Интернете11
Узнал/а информацию от своего лечащего врача10
Узнал/а от своего партнера/партнерши7
Никогда не интересовался/лась этим7
Другое1
Отказ от ответа7
Затрудняюсь ответить9
эту бы табличку да ещё и по возрасту

ещё кое-какая цыфирь по ссылке в верь ху